There is a trend of taming foreign breed dogs is at its peak in India; but, there are some Indian dog breeds with all the qualities that a dog owner expects from their pooch. These Indian origin dogs are more faithful, brave, caring and agile than the foreign ones. The best thing about these Indian dogs is that they can tolerate the harshness of Indian weather, and live without being ill. So, taking care of such pooches is not a big issue; some of the most popular dog species in India are listed below:
Kombai or Combai
The Combai also spelled Kombai is an Indian origin dog that is found in Tamil Nadu and Kerala in south India. This canine breed is regarded as a faithful, sharp-minded, and strong dog.
Place of origin: India
Height: Between 17 and 25 inches
Mass: Between 14 and 24 KGs
Life Expectancy: Between 13 and 14 years
The Combai is very courageous and loyal to its master and family; it can sacrifice its life for their safety. You need to socialize your Kombai since its puppyhood so that the dog may behave well with children, other pets and, unknown people. This breed is not good with small pets due to the potential of hunting. Kombais are very energetic dogs, so daily exercise and mental stimulation mustn’t be ignored in their care. They are easily adapted to small apartments, but daily exercise is a must.
Rajapalayam: The Rajapalayam is a breed of Indian origin. It is also called Poligar Hound. This dog provided its selfless companionship to the south Indian aristocracy in the town called Rajapalayam.
Place of origin: India
Height: Between 25 and 30 inches
Weight: Between 22 and 25 KGs
Life Expectancy: Between 10 and 12 years
The Rajapalayam was kept mainly for hunting vicious wild pigs and guarding. This dog requires large spaces to live. It is deeply attached and dedicated to its master. This breed doesn’t like the touch of strangers and, is aggressive towards them, most of the times; it can attack and harm intruders. You must socialize your Rajapalayam since its puppyhood. Due to having hunting potential, it is not good for pets like felines.
Chippiparai: The Chippiparai is an Indian dog breed. Saluki is regarded as its ancestor. These days, the Chippiparai is seen near Periyar lake area. In the past, people used the dog for hunting wild pigs, hare, and deer. It is thought to be the perfect guard dog.
Place of Origin: India
Height: Between 31 and 38 inches
Weight: Between 15 and 20 KGs
Life Expectancy: Between 13 and 14 Years
The Chippiparais is famous for its fierce loyalty towards its owner and the family. Being sharp-minded and selfless dedication are two of its immeasurable qualities. It becomes friendly after spending some time with the master. The dog sometimes becomes over-protective and has a cold attitude towards other people. If not provided with socialization at puppyhood stage, this dog can be a killer of other smaller pets at home.
Indian Pariah Dog: The Indian Pariah dog is often found in the streets of India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan. If not bred with dogs of European breed, it looks same all over India. These dogs were used for hunting by people of old ages.
Height: 18 to 25 inches
Weight: 15 to 30 KGs
Life Expectancy: 13 to 14 years
Indian Pariah dogs are thought to be best with kids and adults if given socialization at puppyhood phase. They can adjust with other pets at home if trained properly. The dog needs daily exercise, because of being energetic. This canine is a perfect pet for those who enjoy going for a walk or running; this dog is also known for its acute watching potential. If anyone comes to your door, then your Pariah dog will inform you by barking.
Rampur Hound: The Rampur Hound is found in the villages of Rampur that is located on the way from Delhi to Bareli in the North of India. This breed is the result of the breeding done by the ruler in Rampur called Ahmed Ali Khan Bahadur with the intention of having a dog for hunting vicious boars.
Height: 22 to 30 inches
Mass: 27 to 30 KGs
Life Expectancy: 13 to 14 years
The Rampur Hounds enjoy being with human beings. They have the tendency to keep themselves clean. They look sluggish but are energetic and gifted with guarding skills. This breed is very soft with the children among it lives. The Rampur Hound often seems to be cold with other canines. Exercise should be foremost part of its care; it needs more space and may not feel comfortable in a small place.
Some brief information about other Indian dog breeds:
Mudhol Hound: Mudhol Hounds are known for their guarding and hunting skills in a town of Karnataka called Mudhol. The other name of this breed is Caravan Hound sometimes it is called Karwani by villagers.
Indian Spitz: The Indian Spitz resembles the Pomeranian. Because of its small size, this breed is very famous in the country. Its activeness, brightness, and cuteness have won hearts of million dog lovers in the country.
Kanni Dog: Kanni dog is found in a south Indian state (Tamil Nadu), primarily used for hunting in the place. Its incredible loyalty has made its way into dog lovers’ heart. It is always ready for the safety of its owner and house.
Gaddi Kutta: Gaddi Kutta, this mountainous dog is known for its bravery to combat vicious snow leopards for the safety of its home and master. You can find this dog in the freezing areas of north India in Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, and Kashmir and used by the shepherds of these states when they drive their flock. The locals of these places call this dog Indian Panther Hound.
Bakharwal Dog: Bakharwal Dog, this Himalayan dog is found in the north of India (Jammu and Kashmir). This breed of canine, famous for herding, is getting closer and closer to being extinct.
Kumaon Mastiff: This dog breed has two names Indian Mastiff and Kumaon Mastiff. The dog falls into the category of large canines. Its immeasurable guarding skills and bulky look make it easier to be an ideal working dog. These canine species are found in Uttarakhand (north India).
Pandikona Dog: Pandikona canine is well-known for its hunting instinct in Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. This dog is very loyal, gifted with guarding skill, and found to enjoy the company of children.